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A Glossary of Terms
Simple definitions of these parts of the brain

From: Learn Faster & Remember More

 
  • Acetylcholine A neurotransmitter that plays an important role in attention, learning, and memory.

  • Amygdala Part of the limbic system always alert to threats.

  • Axon The long branch of a nerve cell that transmits information to other cells.

  • Conditioning A learned response to a stimulus that always precedes an event, as if the stimulus were the event itself.

  • Cortex The wrinkled layers of cells covering the surface of the brain, sometimes called gray matter.

  • Declarative Memory The conscious recollection of facts and events; also called explicit memory.

  • Dendrite A branch of a nerve cell that receives information from other cells.

  • Dopamine A “pleasure” neurotransmitter that plays a central role in the brain’s internal reward system.

  • Episodic Memory Conscious memory for what happened, where. Sometimes called “autobiographical memory.”

  • Frontal Lobes The most recently evolved section of the brain, used for conscious planning, problem solving, and control of emotion.

  • Glutamate A neurotransmitter that plays a central role in creating learning and memory pathways between brain cells.

  • Gray matter See cortex.

  • Habituation An unconscious form of learning by which our brain learns to ignore a repeatedly-applied stimulus once it has been categorized as non-threatening.

  • Hippocampus A part of the limbic system crucial for creating and accessing long-term memories.

 
  • Limbic System A collection of structures that play important roles in emotion, memory, and attention.

  • Long-term Potentiation The process underlying learning and memory by which one brain cell becomes sensitive to stimulation from a neighbor cell.

  • Myelin The insulation surrounding a brain cell’s axon.

  • Neurogenesis The production of new brain cells.

  • Neuron A nerve cell, or cell in the nervous system (which includes the brain). Often used interchangeably with brain cell.

  • Neurotransmitter A chemical messenger that brain cells use to communicate with one another.

  • Nondeclarative Memory Unconscious forms of memory and learning that influence behavior without our being aware of it. Also called implicit memory.

  • Priming A form of subliminal memory in which one piece of information can cue recall of another.

  • Procedural Memory Automatic memory for skills and habits, such as how to ride a bike or sign one’s name; also “muscle memory.”

  • Serotonin A “feel-good” neurotransmitter linked to mood, raised by antidepressants such as Prozac.

  • Subliminal Below the level of consciousness

  • Synapse The tiny gap between brain cells across which neurotransmitter chemicals convey messages.

  • White Matter The part of the brain beneath the cortex that consists mostly of brain cell axons sheathed in myelin.

  • Working Memory A short-term memory system for holding information “online” and manipulating it to solve problems.

   
Building Mental Muscle
Building Mental Muscle
Over 230,000 copies sold
in the USA alone, plus translations into 14 languages worldwide.

 
Brains that Work a Little Bit Differently
Brains That Work a Little
Bit Differently

2nd best seller. Used in college Psychology courses. ADHD, Left Handedness, Autism, DejaVu, Child Geniuses

 
Building Left-Brain Power
Building Left-Brain
Power

It handles the details, like language skills. Every-day tips to use what you learn. Mental exercises that, when done, release serotonin, a feel-good hormone.

 
Learn Faster and Remember More Learn Faster &
Remember More

Three guides in one: How skills develop and are maintained through life: 1. Womb to adolescence; 2. Professional Years; 3. Slowing down the slowing down
 
Brain Building Games Brain Building Games
With Words & Numbers

Skill-graded challenges: easy to hard, logic, numbers, crypto-visual plus tricks to maximize performance in every one (176 of them). Another top seller.
 
Use It or Lose It Use It or Lose It!
As the mind matures it begins to lose essential abilities unless.... it is forced to work. Then it builds connections again into old age.
 
Exercises for the Whole Brain Exercises for the
Whole Brain
A breast-pocket full of visual mental-teasers to work out in spare moments. Now in 13 languages. Especially good for designers and creative thinkers.
 
Right Brain TeasersRight-Brain Teasers
How many of these photos of 60 old-time, household artifacts can you figure out how they worked and what they were used for? This taps the visual-spatial skills in your right brain. (Men are surprisingly good at this). See an interesting, detailed description when you turn the page after each photo. A fun Valentine gift , especially for elderly antique collectors and flea-market addicts.
 
   
 
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